XhstormR


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JSP Listener

Updated on 2017-05-02

工作原理

用于监听 ServletContext、ServletRequest、HttpSession 等对象的创建、销毁以及属性增删事件。

  • 按监听对象划分
    • ServletContext(application)
      • ServletContextListener
      • ServletContextAttributeListener
    • ServletRequest(request)
      • ServletRequestListener
      • ServletRequestAttributeListener
    • HttpSession(session)
      • HttpSessionListener
      • HttpSessionAttributeListener
    • JavaBean
      • HttpSessionBindingListener(绑定 - 解绑)
      • HttpSessionActivationListener(钝化 - 活化)
  • 按监听事件划分
    • 对象的创建与销毁
      • ServletContextListener
      • ServletRequestListener
      • HttpSessionListener
    • 属性的增加、删除与替换
      • ServletContextAttributeListener
      • ServletRequestAttributeListener
      • HttpSessionAttributeListener
    • 绑定至 HttpSession 中属性状态的改变
      • HttpSessionBindingListener(绑定 - 解绑)
      • HttpSessionActivationListener(钝化 - 活化)

User

package a

import java.io.Serializable
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionActivationListener
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionBindingEvent
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionBindingListener
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionEvent

data class User(val name: String = "Tom") : HttpSessionBindingListener, HttpSessionActivationListener, Serializable {
    override fun valueBound(event: HttpSessionBindingEvent) {
        println("实体绑定:${event.name} :: ${event.value}")
    }

    override fun valueUnbound(event: HttpSessionBindingEvent) {
        println("实体解绑:${event.name} :: ${event.value}")
    }

    override fun sessionWillPassivate(se: HttpSessionEvent) {
        println("会话序列化(钝化):" + se.session)
    }

    override fun sessionDidActivate(se: HttpSessionEvent) {
        println("会话反序列化(活化):" + se.session)
    }
}

MyListener

package a

import javax.servlet.ServletContextEvent
import javax.servlet.ServletContextListener
import javax.servlet.ServletRequestEvent
import javax.servlet.ServletRequestListener
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebListener
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionAttributeListener
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionBindingEvent
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionEvent
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionListener

@WebListener     //通过注解方式配置监听器
class MyListener : ServletContextListener, ServletRequestListener, HttpSessionListener, HttpSessionAttributeListener {
    override fun contextInitialized(sce: ServletContextEvent) {
        println("应用初始化:" + sce.servletContext)
    }

    override fun contextDestroyed(sce: ServletContextEvent) {
        println("应用销毁:" + sce.servletContext)
    }

    override fun requestInitialized(sre: ServletRequestEvent) {
        println("请求创建:" + sre.servletRequest)
    }

    override fun requestDestroyed(sre: ServletRequestEvent) {
        println("请求销毁:" + sre.servletRequest)
    }

    override fun sessionCreated(se: HttpSessionEvent) {
        println("会话创建:" + se.session)
    }

    override fun sessionDestroyed(se: HttpSessionEvent) {
        println("会话销毁:" + se.session)
    }

    override fun attributeAdded(sbe: HttpSessionBindingEvent) {
        println("会话添加属性:${sbe.name} :: ${sbe.value}")
    }

    override fun attributeReplaced(sbe: HttpSessionBindingEvent) {
        println("会话替换属性:${sbe.name} :: ${sbe.value}")
    }

    override fun attributeRemoved(sbe: HttpSessionBindingEvent) {
        println("会话移除属性:${sbe.name} :: ${sbe.value}")
    }
}

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
         version="3.1">

    <listener>
        <listener-class>a.MyListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

</web-app>

加载顺序:监听器 > 过滤器 > Servlet

在线用户案例

JSP

index.jsp
----
<%@ page import="a.User" %>
<%@ page import="java.util.List" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>A</title>
</head>
<body>
<%
    final List<User> users = (List<User>) application.getAttribute("users");
%>
当前在线用户人数:<%=users.size()%><br>
<%
    for (User user : users) {
%>
ID:<%=user.getId()%>,IP:<%=user.getIp()%>,FirstAccessTime:<%=user.getFirstAccessTime()%><br>
<%
    }
%>
</body>
</html>

MyListener

package a

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat
import java.util.*
import javax.servlet.ServletContextEvent
import javax.servlet.ServletContextListener
import javax.servlet.ServletRequestEvent
import javax.servlet.ServletRequestListener
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebListener
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionEvent
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionListener

@WebListener
class MyListener : ServletContextListener, HttpSessionListener, ServletRequestListener {
    val users = arrayListOf<User>()
    val sdf = SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")

    override fun contextInitialized(sce: ServletContextEvent) {
        sce.servletContext.setAttribute("users", users)
    }

    override fun contextDestroyed(sce: ServletContextEvent) {
        sce.servletContext.removeAttribute("users")
    }

    override fun sessionCreated(se: HttpSessionEvent) {
        //Do nothing
    }

    override fun sessionDestroyed(se: HttpSessionEvent) {
        val id = se.session.id
        users.removeAll { it.id == id }
    }

    override fun requestInitialized(sre: ServletRequestEvent) {
        val request = sre.servletRequest as HttpServletRequest
        val session = request.session
        val id = session.id
        if (!users.map { it.id }.contains(id)) {
            val ip = request.remoteAddr
            val time = sdf.format(Date(session.creationTime))
            users.add(User(id, ip, time))
        }
    }

    override fun requestDestroyed(sre: ServletRequestEvent) {
        //Do nothing
    }
}

User

package a

data class User(val id: String, val ip: String, val firstAccessTime: String)
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